Compulsive Buying Scale (Valence et al., 1988)

When I have money, I cannot help but spend part or all of it.

I am often impulsive in my buying behavior.

For me, shopping is a way of facing the stress of my daily life and relaxing.

I sometimes feel that something inside pushed me to go shopping.

There are times when I have a strong urge to buy.

At times, I have felt somewhat guilty after buying a product, because it seemed unreasonable.

There are some things I buy that I do not show to anybody for fear of being perceived as irrational in my buying behavior.

I often have an unexplainable urge, a sudden and spontaneous desire, to go and buy something.

As soon as I enter a shopping center or mall, I have an irresistible urge to go into a shop and buy something.

I am one of those people who often respond to direct mail offers.

I have often bought a product that I did not need, while knowing that I have very little money left.

I am a spendthrift.

I have sometimes thought “If I had to do it over again, I would…” and felt sorry for something I have done or said.

Source: Valence, G., d’Astous, A., & Fortier, L. (1988). Compulsive buying: Concept and measurement. Journal of Consumer Policy, 11(4), 419-433.


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