When I have money, I cannot help but spend part or all of it.
I am often impulsive in my buying behavior.
For me, shopping is a way of facing the stress of my daily life and relaxing.
I sometimes feel that something inside pushed me to go shopping.
There are times when I have a strong urge to buy.
At times, I have felt somewhat guilty after buying a product, because it seemed unreasonable.
There are some things I buy that I do not show to anybody for fear of being perceived as irrational in my buying behavior.
I often have an unexplainable urge, a sudden and spontaneous desire, to go and buy something.
As soon as I enter a shopping center or mall, I have an irresistible urge to go into a shop and buy something.
I am one of those people who often respond to direct mail offers.
I have often bought a product that I did not need, while knowing that I have very little money left.
I am a spendthrift.
I have sometimes thought “If I had to do it over again, I would…” and felt sorry for something I have done or said.
Source: Valence, G., d’Astous, A., & Fortier, L. (1988). Compulsive buying: Concept and measurement. Journal of Consumer Policy, 11(4), 419-433.